If Polish cuisine were to be described in just one word, “heartfelt” would perhaps be the most fitting choice.
We’re talking mind-blowingly delicious, wholesome dishes served up in generous portions.
Some of the Central European country’s much-loved recipes date back centuries, and while many have evolved considerably over the years, they’ve all retained Poland’s long-standing culinary values.
Of course, the best way to sample Polish food is to visit the country and try its many restaurants, cafes, milk bars and street food stands.
While it may be a little while for most before traveling here is an option, its always good to be prepared.
From pierogi to bigos, here are 15 essential dishes to try in Poland.
Zurek is the perfect Polish comfort food.
At first glance, it might seem like just an ordinary fermented rye soup, but zurek is regarded as something of a national treasure by the Polish.
As is the case for almost all nation-defining meals, each family tends to champion its own zurek recipe.
While there are many regional variations of the dish, the most recognized version consists of sour rye flour with potatoes, plenty of vegetables and lots of meat.
The centuries-old soup is also usually served with a hard boiled egg. Be sure to try zurek w chlebie, which is essentially the same soup served in bread.
Popular with locals, Smakolyki Restaurant in Krakow serves fantastic zurek in a cozy atmosphere.
The Polish version of a popular beef tripe soup, flaki might not sound hugely appetizing, but it’s very significant to the country.
Although it’s not exclusive to Poland — similar recipes can be found in neighboring Ukraine, Belarus and Germany — the soup has been popular here since the 14th century and was said to be the favorite dish of Poland’s King Jogaila.
Not only does flaki offer some insight into the rustic roots of Polish cuisine, it also proves the edible lining from the stomach of a cow can form part of an enjoyable meal if cooked in the right way.
For Warsaw’s version of flaki, head to the tiny but locally famous, Pyzy, Flaki Gorace! in the Praga neighborhood.
One of Poland’s most loved foods, bigos consists of a combination of three ingredients. The first is sauerkraut — the longer it’s cured the better.
Then comes the meat, usually beef and/or pork, although game meat is also an option. The more types of meat used, the heartier the taste.
Finally, fresh shredded cabbage along with a variety of vegetables completes the simple magic of this iconic Polish stew.
Challenge the chef to make you the best bigos at exceptional Stol na Szwedzkiej in Wrocław, where there’s no menu and only four tables.
Pierogi is undoubtedly Poland’s most famous and simple comfort food.
But after tasting one of these delicious filled dumplings, you’re likely to find yourself craving more.
Perogis can be cooked or fried; stuffed with meat, vegetables, cheese, fruit, chocolate; accompanied by a sour cream topping or just butter.
From street food spots to fancy restaurants, they can be found pretty much everywhere in Poland.
Enter a true kingdom of pierogis at Gdansk food institution Pierogarnia Mandu, which serves more than 35 varieties.
Made with duck blood and a blend of sugar and vinegar, this sweet and sour soup has very strong associations with Polish culture.
Up until a few centuries ago, if a man asked for his beloved’s hand in marriage, the shade of the czernina served to him by the bride’s family would answer his question.
Golden-colored czernina stood for “yes,” while the black version of the soup signified a negative outcome.
Fortunately, diners can now enjoy czernina in all of its regional varieties without having to worry about what the color means.
Consisting of raw minced beef, this delicious Polish appetizer’s origins can apparently be traced to Mongolia, having been introduced to Europeans in the medieval period.
However, Poles love this variation of steak tartare and often start their meal with it, savoring the raw perfection of minced meat mixed with onions and egg yolk.
Get a fine dining kick at Krakow’s central Szara Ges w Kuchni, where the deer and smoked mangalica tatar is simply a work of culinary art.
Viennese schnitzel has a serious competitor from the north — kotlet schabowy — although everyone in Poland just calls it schabowy.
But the main difference between this breadcrumb-coated cutlet and the popular Austrian dish is that schabowy is made from pork.
Although it can be found in most national restaurants, you can get a truly authentic one at any bar mleczny, otherwise known as a milk bar.
These self-service cafeterias provide traditional Polish dishes at affordable prices in a relaxed atmosphere.
For good and affordable schabowy, head to Poznan’s Schaboszczak od Dziadka, where the portions are enormous and the prices are low.
Originally from the Silesian Voivodeship (or wojewodztwo slaskie) of Poland, these cooked potato dumplings with a hole in the middle are among the country’s most popular side dishes.
While they’ve gained universal acclaim over the years, the Silesia holds the most mouthwatering kluski by far.
Beer and kluski go well together, and local brewery Browar Mariacki in Katowice is a great place to sample this pairing. The traditional Silesian rolada, a beef roll served with kluski, is hard to beat.
Blood has a special place in Polish kitchens and kaszanka is a great example of this.
Although the ingredients for this sausage might seem unusual, their usage is relatively standard in central and eastern European cuisine.
Kaszanka is made from a curious melange, including pig’s blood, pork offal — skin, fat, liver and skin combo — and buckwheat, which is stuffed in the pork’s intestine.
There’s no better place to try kaszanka than a restaurant where the buckwheat is king. Zakopane’s Dobra Kasza Nasza serves it well, along with many other buckwheat-based dishes.
When it comes to pleasing those with a sweet tooth, Poland has no shortage of good foods to offer. One of the best is racuchy, the pancake’s close relative.
It follows the same winning sugary formula as the popular flat cakes and looks almost identical. Racuchy is often associated with Christmas, as a savory version of the treat forms an integral part of the festive Polish dinner.
Unlike many of the other dishes listed, racuchy isn’t easy to find in restaurants, but many local families prepare them at home.
For the best racuchy in Katowice, head straight to Zurownia, a cozy restaurant serving Silesian cuisine. The racuchy here is served with apple mousse.
Thousands of Polish families relied on placki ziemniaczane as a replacement for bread, a scarcity during Poland’s economic hardships, and they’ve since become very important to the country’s culinary tradition.
Placki ziemniaczane is often topped with meat sauce, sour cream or goulash.
Those who visit the picturesque spa town of Krynica Zdroj, positioned in the Beskid mountains, can opt for a placki ziemniaczane tasting session at Karczma Cichy Kacik, a local culinary institution.
St. Martin’s croissant
Not many foods can lay claim to having special legislative protection stating they only be produced in a designated area.
In 2008, the European Union added this mouthwatering horseshoe-shaped croissant with white poppy seed filling to the register of protected traditional specialties, cementing St. Martin’s croissant’s legendary status among Polish foods even further.
With roots dating back to the 19th century, the delicious pastry originates from the western city of Poznan, and is one of its most well known culinary symbols.
Visitors can learn all about the history of the St. Martin’s croissant, as well as tuck into one, at the Poznan’s Croissant Museum and Experience.
The scent of freshly baked gingerbread is always in the air in the beautiful UNESCO-protected Gothic Old Town of Torun.
In fact, the Polish rarely utter the word “gingerbread” without referencing the capital of its production.
Torun has been proudly producing this tasty baked delicacy, made according to a 700-year-old recipe, for centuries.
The fact that there are two institutions devoted to gingerbread production here further demonstrates its significance.
One is the informative Museum of Torun Gingerbread, the other the interactive Living Museum of Gingerbread. In this city, there’s no such thing as too much gingerbread.
This extremely delicious pastry takes pride of place at almost every table in Poland during the Easter and Christmas period.
The unpretentious treat, firmly associated with holidays, contains just the right amount of sweetness, and has a distinct poppy seed flavor.
You can find makowiec in a variety of forms in the bakeries, coffee shops and cafes all around the country.
Created exclusively in Poland’s Tatra Mountains, oscypek is a type of a smoked cheese variety made of salted sheep’s milk.
Only gondoliers are allowed to sail gondolas in Venice, and only “bacas,” traditional shepherds and Tatra cheesemakers, can make oszczypek.
The cheese can be found almost everywhere in the country, from the resort town of Zakopane, otherwise known as Poland’s “winter capital,” to Krakow, the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship, where the Tatras are found.