Hepatitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the liver caused due to viral infection. These include autoimmune hepatitis and a secondary as a result of medications, drugs, toxins and alcohol.


Viral infections of the liver that are classified as


  • Types A, B, C, D and E
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Autoimmune hepatitis

The most common types of hepatitis are  A, B, C and secondary hepatitis.


First of all limited or no symptoms is present, probably a flue like symptoms maybe seen.

  • Muscle and joint pain
  • A high temperature of 38C fever (100.4F) or above
  • Feeling unwell
  • Head-aches
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Depression
  • Jaundice
  • A general sense of feeling unwell

 Causes of Hepatitis

  • Caused by bacteria’s like anaplasma, nocardia
  • Factors like alcohol
  • Auto immune conditions: systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Drugs: Paracetamol, amoxycillin, antituberculosis medicines and minocycline
  • Ischemic hepatitis (circulatory insufficiency)
  • Metabolic diseases: Wilson’s disease
  • Pregnancy



Treatment methods differ depending on the  two type

1. Acute                                                                                      2.Chronic

Type A

HAV is usually a short-term illness, bed rest is recommended. HAV vaccination is available for adults.

Type B

Treatment for chronic HVB requires regular medical evaluations and monitoring probably to determine if the virus is responding to treatment.

Type C

Curable for about 95 percentage of patients using oral anti-viral drugs however there can be some unpleasant side effects. further more there is no vaccination currently.

Type D

First of all there is no antiviral medications. Preventive method is getting a vaccination for HVB.

Type E

No specific medical therapies are available to treat hepatitis E. Infected patients are often advised to get adequate rest, drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol. Pregnant women require close monitoring and care.

Autoimmune hepatitis
A drug to suppresses the immune system is included in treatment.
 Alcoholic hepatitis

Treatment involves therapies to ease the signs and symptoms of liver damage. Quitting drinking is recommended.

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